One of Israel’s most famous prime ministers, Golda Meir, was the first woman to lead the modern State of Israel. Born in Ukraine, her family immigrated to Wisconsin when she was eight years old. An avid Zionist, Golda and her husband made aliyah to pre-state Israel in 1921. For almost thirty years, she was an active member of the Zionist organizations that built the framework for the establishment of Israel in 1948. She served as Israel’s first ambassador to the Soviet Union and then as a leader in the Knesset for many years. She became prime minister in 1969, and led her country through some of the most infamous periods of Israel’s history, including the Yom Kippur War and the 1972 Munich terrorist attack.
Golda Meir resigned from her post as prime minister in 1974, and passed away four years later at the age of 80. Learn more about Israel’s first female prime minister here.